Lard has been a traditional cooking fat in many cultures, including Macedonia. In regions where pork is commonly consumed, lard has historically been a readily available and economical fat source for cooking and baking. It was often rendered at home from pork fat or obtained from local markets.

In traditional Macedonian cuisine, lard was commonly used for frying, baking, and flavoring dishes. Its high smoke point made it suitable for frying foods to achieve a crispy texture. Additionally, lard was often used in traditional baked goods, such as bread, pastries, and desserts, imparting a rich flavor and texture to the final product.

While modern dietary trends and health concerns have led to a decrease in the use of lard in some regions, it still holds a place in traditional cooking practices and is valued for its unique flavor and culinary properties.

Lard has seen a resurgence in popularity in recent years for several reasons:

1. Natural and Traditional: As people become more interested in natural and traditional cooking methods, lard has gained favor as a traditional fat that has been used for centuries in many cuisines around the world.

2. Flavor and Texture: Lard adds a unique flavor and texture to dishes that many people find appealing. It has a rich, savory taste that can enhance the flavor of both savory and sweet dishes. In baking, lard can create flakier crusts and more tender pastries compared to other fats.

3. Versatility: Lard is a versatile cooking fat that can be used for frying, baking, sautéing, and even as a spread. Its high smoke point makes it suitable for high-heat cooking methods like frying, while its ability to impart flavor makes it desirable for baking and cooking.

4. Health Considerations: While lard is high in saturated fat, it is free of trans fats and contains monounsaturated fats, which are considered healthier fats. Some people also prefer lard over highly processed vegetable oils due to concerns about the refining process and the presence of additives.

5. Sustainability: In some cases, lard may be viewed as a more sustainable option compared to vegetable oils that require extensive processing and may have environmental implications. Using lard can be seen as a way to reduce reliance on industrialized food production systems.

Overall, the renewed interest in traditional cooking, combined with a growing appreciation for flavor, texture, and sustainability, has contributed to the increased popularity of lard in recent years.